Month: August 2016

Atmospheric chemistry and ozone

Describe the composition and layered structure of the atmosphere The atmosphere can be split into four main layers, namely the troposphere, stratosphere, [...]

Chemical Analysis

Perform first-hand investigations to carry out a range of tests, including flame tests, to identify the following ions: phosphate, sulfate, carbonate, [...]

Monitoring in Industry – The Haber process

Identify and describe the industrial uses of ammonia On both a domestic and industrial level, ammonia can be found in cleaning products. Such products are [...]

The Work of Chemists

Gather, process and present information from secondary sources about the work of practising scientists identifying the variety of chemical occupations and a [...]


Describe the differences between the alkanol and alkanoic acid functional groups in carbon compounds Alkanols such as methanol ( $latex CH_3OH$ ) contain the [...]

Acid/base Theories

Gather and process information from secondary sources to trace developments in understanding and describing acid/base reactions Although covered in detail in [...]

Acids and pH

Solve problems and perform a first-hand investigation to use pH meters/probes and indicators to distinguish between acidic, basic and neutral chemicals This [...]

Acidic Oxides and the Atmosphere

Identify oxides of non-metals which act as acids and describe the conditions under which they act as acids Most oxides of non-metals, excluding the neutral [...]


Perform a first-hand investigation to prepare and test a natural indicator Various fruits, vegetables, and other items can be used to prepare indicators which [...]

Nuclear Chemistry

Distinguish between stable and radioactive isotopes and describe the conditions under which a nucleus is unstable The definition of an isotope should have [...]